Developed in Hungary from 1945 founded on the work of András Peto
“Ask me not what I can do for the children with cerebral palsy but ask me what they can learn to do for themselves” (Dr Andras Peto).
Conductive Education in its fullest form is a unified system of rehabilitation for people with neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s Disease, multiple sclerosis and those recovering from strokes or head injuries.
It is a system of learning that has been developed with groups of individuals with motor disorders and provides the following benefits:
- Improves mobility, which in turn allows the child/adult to live more independently
- Builds self-esteem because the child/adult experiences success on a daily basis
- Develops physical stamina and independence
- Teaches daily living skills, e.g. dressing, eating and personal hygiene
- Promotes strong development of muscles and bones thus eliminating the need for some surgery
- Improves social/verbalisation skills.
Principles of Conductive Education:
- Approaches motor disability from an educational perspective rather than from a medical or paramedical one
- Development in children/adults with motor disabilities should be encouraged in an attempt to master their environment rather than adapt the environment to meet their needs
- The focus is on the total development of the child/adult with particular attention to the integration and development of motor, intellectual, social and academic skills
- The Conductor is the professional who delivers Conductive Education (CE)
- CE works in partnership with parents/carers and others interested in the child/adult’s development. Skills learned at the CE setting should be applied to daily life.
The Daily Routine:
CE is concerned with the development of the child as a whole throughout the entire day. The daily routine includes several series of tasks carried out in different positions. For example, lying, sitting and standing-walking positions. Skills that are learned in these various positions will be applied in activities throughout the day and in their everyday lives. The programme also provides opportunities to develop age-appropriate cognitive, social and emotional skill.
The group plays an important part in the development of the personality and social skills of the child and also provides motivation for them. Children/adults learn from each other, support and encourage each other. Each child/adult within the group receives individual attention.